Federal government websites often end in. The site is secure. In , Ethiopia made a moderate advancement in efforts to eliminate the worst forms of child labor. The government also nearly quadrupled the labor inspectorate's budget from its allocation, and in collaboration with the World Bank and UNICEF, it distributed million textbooks and constructed primary school classrooms. However, children in Ethiopia continue to engage in the worst forms of child labor, including in forced labor in domestic work. Children also perform dangerous tasks in agriculture.
Ethiopia: Exploiting the Gulf’s scramble for the Horn of Africa
Findings on the Worst Forms of Child Labor - Ethiopia | U.S. Department of Labor
Help us continue to fight human rights abuses. Please give now to support our work. Click to expand Image African migrants receive food and water inside a football stadium in the Red Sea port city of Aden in Yemen, on April 23, They also encounter abusive prison conditions in Saudi Arabia before being summarily forcibly deported back to Addis Ababa. Authorities in Ethiopia, Yemen, and Saudi Arabia have taken few if any measures to curb the violence migrants face, to put in place asylum procedures, or to check abuses perpetrated by their own security forces. A combination of factors, including unemployment and other economic difficulties, drought, and human rights abuses have driven hundreds of thousands of Ethiopians to migrate over the past decade, traveling by boat over the Red Sea and then by land through Yemen to Saudi Arabia. Saudi Arabia and neighboring Gulf states are favored destinations because of the availability of employment.
Ethiopians 'abused on Gulf route, forcibly deported from Saudi'
HRW report says Ethiopian, Yemeni and Saudi officials have taken few, if any, steps to curb violence faced by migrants. Based on interviews with deportees in the Ethiopian capital Addis, Ababa, the report on Thursday documented exploitation, trafficking and violence that begin, according to the group, from the moment the migrants set off across the Red Sea or Gulf of Aden to reach the Arabian Peninsula. The report also said they have failed to ease the return of hundreds of thousands of Ethiopians caught up in a large-scale Saudi deportation campaign that began in November Ethiopians have long looked to Saudi Arabia as an escape from poor economic prospects and state repression, hoping to find work despite not having legal status. To get there, they board overcrowded boats that are at constant risk of sinking during sea crossings that can last up to 24 hours.
After 20 years of hostility, citizens on both sides of the border are waiting to see what the momentous rapprochement will mean and what the two leaders will do next. But the neighbouring populations are not the only ones keeping a close eye on the events. Nor are the Ethiopian and Eritrean governments the only players determining the future direction of their relationship and how it affects the broader Horn of Africa region. Further afield, several Middle Eastern nations are watching developments unfold and trying to ensure their interests in the region are well-served going forwards.